quantitative research philosophy positivism
Quantitative research paradigms are based on the philosophy that every phenomenon in the world can only be explained by positivist paradigm. CHAPTER 2 RESEARCH PHILOSOPHY AND QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWS 17 a time, holding the rest of the environment con-stant, statistically or experimentally. Positivist and post-positivist designs are on a continuum between the quantitative and qualitative paradigms (paradigm can be described as a worldview that underlies theory). (In contrast to the Interpretivist approach to research which favors qualitative data.) Some scholars today hold the beliefs critiqued in Horkheimer's work, but since the time of his writing critiques of positivism, especially from philosophy of science, have led to the development of postpositivism. Positivism relies on the hypothetico-deductive method to verify a priori hypotheses that are often stated quantitatively, where functional relationships can be derived between causal and explanatory factors (independent variables) and outcomes (dependent variables). Historically, positivism has been the dominant approach in the philosophy of science. Then, by the end of the twentieth century other paradigms gained prominence. The historical context of Positivism is that it emerged out of The Enlightenment and The Industrial… Positivism is still the dominant quantitative paradigm (Hunter, & Leahey, 2008), but there seems to be a shift towards post-positivist thinking. This post provides a brief overview of Positivist Research Methods, which consist of a scientific approach to social research using quantitative data to ensure objectivity and reliability. This does not do justice to the spread of intellectual influences within positivism or the possibility for reflexivity on the part of positivists or 'neo-positivists'. This paper illustrate the paradigms for nursing research, highlight the epistemological and ontological assumption related to Positivist and Naturalistic paradigms, mention the philosophy of quantitative and qualitative research than narrate the underlying philosophy that will guide my thesis work. In general, positivism associated with experimental and quantitative research is considered empirical or empiricism. The first is that positivism is often presented as a caricature: positivists are people with a naive belief that social science is objective and are fixated on quantitative methods. In nursing, most quantitative researchers tend to employ positivism as their epistemological underpinning, which could be why positivism has long been identified as the epistemology of quantitative research. 8 Positivist research, however, does not always rely on quantitative methods. The quantitative research paradigm dominated the scientific research until late 20th century. use quantitative tools, techniques that empha-size measuring and counting, are ... positivist research simplifies a setting or situation, examining the relationship between only two or three factors—termed variables—at .