public administration reforms in pakistan
The other gaps such as labor/employment data; data for a more in-depth analysis of the nature of poverty across the country and over time; data on the informal economy, and environmental data would also be addressed. The quota policy provides for only 10 percent of new recruits at the national level to be selected purely on the basis of merit, and the rest according to their standing within their province/region.37 The desire for public administration reforms to promote merit-based recruitment has therefore been balanced with the political importance and sensitivity of ethnically-based recruitment quotas. Kennedy, 188. The most recent report was released in the spring of 2008 by the National Commission for Government Reforms (NCGR) headed by Dr. Ishrat Hussain, the former Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan. 19 Anonymous civil servant, quoted in Kennedy, 210. They can therefore push through public administration reforms more easily than democratically elected governments. 44 Military pensions were reported to be the major cause of the pension problem, as many soldiers retire before the age of 40 on a full pension and in addition are given a very generous 65% commutation payment. The programme includes short-term, medium-term, and long-term training programmes (Executive Development Programme; Professional Development Programme and the establishment of the National School of Public Policy, respectively) for the civil servants. 41 Pakistani politician and former federal minister, interview by author, Lahore, 17 December 2005. It is necessary to adapt the public administration at all tiers (and the officials from multiple services to the new reality of devolution and to make it more focused, performance oriented, transparent, accountable, dema and responsive to citizen demands. 26 While the private sector generally pays more than the public sector in most countries, in developing countries like Pakistan it is important that the officer ranks of the civil service be able to compete with the private sector for the relatively small numbers of well-educated graduates. The local government system has created a new relationship between the provincial and district tiers. The book fulfills a critical need. Enhancing performance and accountability, including establishing the baseline and institutional arrangements for monitoring changes in efficiency and effectiveness of the performance of courts and police agencies: and clarifying and ensuring arrangements for accountability. Clarifying relationships and responsibilities of civil servants at federal, provincial and district levels—The 2001 Local Government Ordinance devolved considerable authority from provincial to district governments, and at the district level from civil servants (most notably the powerful district commissioners) to elected nazims. Resentment against the province of Punjab, which accounts for 45 percent of Pakistan’s population, continues amongst the smaller provinces. One result of this attention is the commitment of large amounts of foreign aid by international donors, including $7.5 billion by the U.S. government over the next five years. The emergence of Pakistan as a frontline state in the war on terror following 9/11 was undoubtedly one such issue, as was the 2005 earthquake and the need to respond to internal and external pressures to hold elections in 2002 and 2008. 2 For a more detailed account of the concern that U.S. foreign aid will fuel corruption, see Jane Perlez, “U.S. There is a lack of district-based social statistics on outputs and outcomes. The frequent misuse of this influence, however, has also resulted in the politicization of the civil service to such an extent that it has all but destroyed the concept of a neutral and competent civil service.14 Many of the senior government officials interviewed during my field research pointed to the urgent need to address this problem. See Chapter XI, “What is the True State of Affairs,” in Abdus Sattar Ghazali, Pakistan: Illusions and Reality (Islamabad: National Book Club, 1996). Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. We suggested to [President Pervez] Musharraf to restore constitutional protection to the civil service but he didn’t take a decision. Approaches to civil service reform The influence of Weberian bureaucracy. 27 Retired senior civil servant, interview by author, Islamabad, 14 December 2005. Clear delineation of provincial and Local Government responsibilities should be made. Finally, information flows are weak, which do not link data with policy makers, planners, and other stakeholders. In the past, sustainability of the assets created has received much less attention in the planning process. The dominant role of the civil and military bureaucracies, and the dominant role of Punjabis within these bureaucracies, has been a major grievance of other ethnic groups and smaller provinces since Pakistan’s independence. The main political challenge is that those with the power to push for reform—namely the military, politicians and civil servants themselves—have historically had more incentives to oppose rather than support efforts to make the civil service more efficient and effective. The objective is to produce a civil service which is sensitized to the needs of people, responsive to the demands of changing the socio-economic environment, well trained for innovative decision making and policy formulation, geared towards the development of strategic and tactical vision in specialized fields, and prepared to face the future challenges. It lacked fiscal and financial accountability due to lack of meaningful accounts and due to noncompliance with international best practices. They are constrained by limited staff and expertise, funds for field monitoring activities, inadequate information technology and the lack of a broader enabling environment for effective M&E. He also wanted the power to remove civil servants without any reasons given.17, Reversing the Militarization of the Bureaucracy. This shift may also contribute to a reversal of the militarization of the civilian bureaucracy that was taking place. Because the bureaucracy always prefer the status quo, restructuring can only happen if the leader is interested.”33. Both the junior and senior grades fear changes to the current generous pension scheme for government employees. Finding capable junior officers to work in their recruitment system in one or. Available are from surveys of these golden rules of democracy are enjoying complete in. Given to creating positive incentives for civil servants Saeed Shafqat, “ U.S critical municipal services the state—everything is... In developing Commonwealth member countries progress against corruption 33 former federal minister interview! Both intrinsically entwined, provide the base for reforms, growth and poverty reduction as... 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