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Practice for UPSC Search. Mr. Justice S. N. Shankar MEMBER LAW COMMISSION GOVERNMENT OF INDIA 'A' Wing, 7th Floor, Shastri Bhavan, New Delhi-110 001. Supreme Court gets two new judges What to study? Department of Justice, Ministry of Law and Justice, is responsible for the administrative functions in relation to the appointment of various judges at various courts in India, maintenance and revision of the conditions and rules of service of the judges and other related areas. Appointment of SC judges in India Every Judge of the Supreme Court shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his/her hand and seal after consultation with such of the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Court in the States as President may deem necessary for the purpose and shall hold office until he attains the age of 65 years. High Court Judges | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS. ContentsIntr. It will serve you fetch more marks in answers relevant to Judicial life , Judges and Quality of Judgements . Context The three-judge Bench recalled a decision of a two-judge Bench to examine the government’s reasons for “lingering” over its job of finalizing the Memorandum of Procedure (MoP) for appointment of Supreme Court and High Court judges. The Judges Cases In re Presidential Reference, AIR 1999 SC the Supreme Court (9 Judges Bench) unanimously held that the recommendation made by the Chief Justice of India on the appointment of Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts without following the consultation process are not binding on the government. (Answer in 150 words) 3. 12 Dec 2020. It is a system under which judges are appointed by an institution comprising judges. However, the system of inviting applications, interviewing the candidates and appointing them on merit and encouraging diversity, as is being done in the United Kingdom through an institutional mechanism, appears to be better suited to Indian conditions. This article look compares the procedure of appointment of judges in India and US and seeks to analyze if India can learn anything from US in this direction. Constitutional provisions in appointment of judges of SC and HC. 2. 11 Dec 2020. For PRELIMS go through Laxmikant Chapter- Supreme Court and revise Appointment of Judges . GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. They are highly important . Editorial on Changing Paradigms of Human Rights. 1-Preliminary objective test, and . Act, 2014' with reference to appointment of judges of higher judiciary in India. The process of the Indian court includes two tests. JV’s UPSC 2021 Strategy UPSC Syllabus (Prelims Examination) UPSC Syllabus ... - It is the system of appointment and transfer of judges that has evolved through judgments of the Supreme Court, and not by an Act of Parliament or by a provision of the Constitution. Hence there was a perception that the independence of the judiciary was under threat. The Collegium for the appointment of Judges of Supreme Court is headed by the Chief Justice of India and comprises of the four other senior-most judges of the Supreme Court. The collegium consists of the Chief Justice of India, four senior most Judges. ; Article 21 confers on every person the fundamental right to life and personal liberty. Article 14 guarantees to all person equality before the law and equal protection of the laws. The procedure of appointment of judges of the District court is either carried by the high court or state public service commissions. 2- Mains subjective test. ... UPSC Success aims to create a single point of reference for all needs related to Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Delay - Justice K M Joseph's name would only be part of the collegium's next set of recommendations. Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II–Judiciary. Recent appointment to the nine-member Court is of significance given that the countdown for US presidential elections has begun. Article 128: Attendance of retired Judges at sittings of the Supreme Court. Collegium system of Supreme Court and High Courts of India, based on the precedence established by the "Three Judges Cases", is a legally valid system of appointment and transfer of judges in the Supreme Court of India (SC) and all High Courts of India (HC). F. 2(12)/77-L.C. MindMaps for UPSC - Location of Industries – Watch On YouTube. 4.1 Supreme Court; 4.2 High Court; 5 Jurisdiction of SC and HC. Appointment of judges in Supreme Court and High Court 1 Context Tussle between judiciary and executive on recommendations of collegium (Judges to be appointed in SC and HC). It is the most fundamental of human rights; The basic principle of judicial conduct: . A.124 of the Constitution envisages the establishment of the Supreme Court of India and the appointment of judges. INTRODUCTION TO Indian poliy, Indian public administration and constitution of India covering topics like HIGH COURT Appointment of Judges Qualification for judges of HC Removal of judges [Act of Parliament] Acting Chief Justice Additional or Acting judges Independence of HC Jurisdiction of High Court from NCERT, NIOS, DD Basu, Subhash kashyap, M Laxmikanth for UPSC Prelims, Mains optional … Judges are there to interpret and apply the law, not carry out specific policies endorsed by the electorate. Appointment of SC judges in India Every Judge of the Supreme Court shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his/her hand and seal after consultation with such of the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Court in the States as President may deem necessary for the purpose and shall hold office until he attains the age of 65 years. Controversies around the appointment of judges post-retirement have been a recurring one. Even if two judges give an … Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. December 4, 2020. August 10, 1979. In the Third Judges case, 1998, after a presidential Reference, it was decided that in regard to the appointment of the Supreme Court Judges, the Chief Justice of India Should Consult a Collegium of four senior most Judges of the Apex Court. 6.1 Composition of District Court 3.1 Supreme Court; 3.2 High Court; 4 Tenure and Removal of Judge. The appointment of a Supreme Court Justice is an event of major significance in American politics. Article 124: Judges of SC to be appointed by President by warrant under his hand and seal […] In News. The decisions of the collegium are made through voting and the majority view prevails in case of difference of opinion. Their primary duty, therefore, is to the law, not—directly, at any rate—to the people. Much Aheadof major Economies in AI Adoption - in News – Watch On YouTube by institution. 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