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The 5000 sq m of permanent exhibitions mainly present the experiences and suffering of civilian populations, with the military events as a background. The decision to temporarily close the establishment has been made in response to the call of the state authorities. In 1457, during the Thirteen Years’ War, it was sold by the Bohemian mercenaries to King Casimir IV of Poland in lieu of indemnities and it since served as one of the several Polish royal residences and the seat of Polish offices and institutions, interrupted by several years of Swedish occupation, and fulfilling this function until the First Partition of Poland in 1772. [30], Interior view of the tower over the main entrance, Sculptures at the entrance of St Anne's chapel, Burials in the mausoleum under the Chapel of St. Anne, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBoockman1992 (, German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940–1945), the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park, "Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Until November 29 the Museum of the Second World War in Gdańsk (main exhibition, temporary exhibitions, library) will be closed to visitors. During the Thirty Years' War, in 1626 and 1629 Swedish forces occupied the castle. Museum of the Second World War (Muzeum II Wojny Swiatowej): World War II museum - See 2,931 traveler reviews, 3,121 candid photos, and great deals for Gdansk, Poland, at Tripadvisor. Until December 27 the Museum of the Second World War in Gdańsk (main exhibition, temporary exhibitions, library) will be closed to visitors. The castle has been mostly reconstructed, with restoration ongoing since 1962 following a fire in 1959 which caused further damage. The work lasted until around 1300, under the auspices of Commander Heinrich von Wilnowe. A global perspective, yet intensely personal. The exhibition presents various manifestations of everyday life of the Polish population in the WMG until the outbreak of World War II. This place is incredible. The museum opened March 23 in Gdansk, where the war began. DIGITAL WESTERPLATTE PROJECT AWARDED IN THE "INNOVATION EAGLE" COMPETITION OF THE "RZECZPOSPOLITA" DAILY, The Museum of the Second World War in Gdańsk, for the second time, is providing free apartments for medical staff, The Museum of the Second World War in Gdańsk will be closed for guests until 29 November 2020, Exhibition “Poles in the Free City of Gdańsk”, Another artefact in our series „Enter History”, Awards for the films of the Museum of the Second World War, Presentation of Architectural Project Outlines for the Construction of Westerplatte and the War of 1939 Museum Â, Aleksandra Dulkiewicz’s visit to Westerplatte, Important discovery on Westerplatte - pistol Browning FN calibre 7.65 mm with spare magazine. Its listing is maintained by the National Heritage Board of Poland. When it comes to the World War II, Poland has a lot of history to tell. The museum opened the main exhibition which tells the history of World War II in an extraordinary way. He reimbursed them with money raised in Danzig. Długie Pobrzeże), Gdańsk How could you not? +48 58 760 09 60  The museum currently has a maximum visitor … see more. These engravings led the Prussian public to "rediscover" the castle and the history of the Teutonic Knights. Â. Visit we must. Run by the populist Law and Justice Party, it has declared the museum an expensive mess that waters down Polish history and should be closed — or at a minimum, revamped. The most comprehensive collection in the world. As part of a series „Enter History” we present a German plan of Warsaw with the 1942 ghetto area marked with a blue line. The world’s largest historical exhibition was opened March 23, 2017 in Gdansk. The Marienburg was a pattern for this new Red Castle. When this last stronghold of the Crusades fell to Muslim Arabs, the Order moved its headquarters to Venice before arriving in Prussia. The judging panel included such experts as Daniel Liebeskind and Jack Lohman, the director of the Museum of London. The Order's administrative centre was moved to Marienburg from Elbing (now Elbląg). Ground works connected with filling the excavations from the fifth stage of archaeological research on Westerplatte ended on the 15th of November 2019. During the summer months the easiest way to get out there is to take the Water Tram #5 which stops outside the Hilton in the Old Town and drops you at Westerplatte. - See 3,009 traveler reviews, 3,286 candid photos, and great deals for Gdansk, Poland, at Tripadvisor. http://www.poniec.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26&Itemid=45, As per Antoni Eckstein, 100 Jahre Marineschule : Das rote Schloss des deutschen Kaisers, "Castle of Knights - Malbork, Poland in Photos", "Conservation and building works in the complex of the Holy Virgin Church in the Castle Museum in Malbork", Białowieża Forest / Belovezhskaya Pushcha, Tarnowskie Góry Lead-Silver-Zinc Mine and its Underground Water Management System, Wooden churches of Southern Lesser Poland, Wooden tserkvas of the Carpathian region in Poland and Ukraine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malbork_Castle&oldid=982302729, Buildings and structures completed in the 14th century, Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Panoramic image of Malbork Castle from the Northwestern bank of the river Nogat, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 09:50. Throughout the Napoleonic period, the army used the castle as a hospital and arsenal. © Copyright Muzeum II Wojny Światowej 2017-2020. Photos of Our Day. It was named Marienburg after Mary, patron saint of the religious Order. When I first heard about this plan, many years ago, I couldn’t wait to see it. [3] UNESCO designated the "Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork" and the Malbork Castle Museum a World Heritage Site in December 1997. [25] The restoration of the Marienburg was undertaken in stages until World War II started. The research was received by protocol by the Pomeranian Provincial Monument Conservator in Gdańsk, stressing the necessity and the legitimacy to continue the archaeological works there. Heinrich von Plauen successfully led the defence in the Siege of Marienburg (1410), during which the city outside was razed. At that time, the officials used the rather neglected castle as a poorhouse and barracks for the Prussian Army. Culture Poland's World War II museum opens amid controversy. [18] Polish Kings often stayed in the castle, especially when travelling to the nearby city of Gdańsk/Danzig. Tokarska 21-25 (entrance from ul. The Order named it Marienburg in honour of Mary, mother of Jesus. Museums. He chose the site of Marienburg conveniently located on the Nogat in the Vistula Delta. Kwadrat architectural team won the architectural competition for the building of the Museum of the Second World War in Gdańsk. During this period the Tall Castle served as the castle's supply storehouse, while the Great Refectory was a place for balls, feasts, and other royal events. 3. The World War II Museum, Gdansk Day 113 7th June 2017. No contemporary documents survive relating to its construction, so instead the castle's phases have been worked out through the study of architecture and the Order's administrative records and later histories. [11] In 1365, Polish King Casimir III the Great visited the castle. If you want to use public transport from the main train station in Gdańsk, the 106 bus leaves from outside. And what better place to have this kind of museum, since Gdansk is the place where the WWII started. [6] The Order had been created in Acre (present-day Israel). [24] In 1910 the Naval Academy Mürwik in Flensburg was built. Learn More. "Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork", "Malbork Castle: Easy Day Trip from Gdańsk to World's Largest Castle! And even if most people think Auschwitz while thinking WWII and Poland, this museum is a must to visit while in Gdansk. Now we know that actually a few minutes earlier the first shots were fired in another Polish city. With controversy surrounding its management – even before it opened. According to the agreement concluded between the Museum of the Second World War in Gdansk and the Governor of Pomerania, the museum has provided four rooms for free use, located in the museum's hotel annex, to meet the needs of medical staff working in the area of the Pomeranian Voivodeship. The museum currently has a maximum visitor capacity of 400 (it is usually 1000). The winning design was created by the Gdynia-based Kwadrat architectural studio. All Rights Reserved. [14] Following the departure of the mercenaries, King Casimir IV Jagiellon entered the castle in triumph in 1457, and in May, granted Danzig several privileges in gratitude for the town's assistance and involvement in the Thirteen Years' War (1454–66) as well as for the funds collected for the mercenaries that left. "This is the museum of a war, but not a military museum," says historian Pawel Machcewicz. Construction. Initiated by Theodor von Schön, Oberpräsident of West Prussia, in 1816, restoration of the castle was begun. [29] In 1961 the Castle Museum (Muzeum Zamkowe)[19] was founded and in 1965 an amber exhibition was opened. ul. English: The Museum of the Second World War in Gdańsk (Poland). [5] The castle is located on the southeastern bank of the river Nogat. [12], In 1456, during the Thirteen Years' War, the Order – facing opposition from its cities for raising taxes to pay ransoms for expenses associated with its wars against Kingdom of Poland – could no longer manage financially. The … Malbork Castle remains the largest brick complex in Europe. For Adolf Hitler, Westerplatte was a very important target since he wanted Gdansk to be only German and not a Free City as it had been between the first and Second World Wars. The castle is a classic example of a medieval fortress and, on its completion in 1406, was the world's largest brick castle. The Danzig printer Andreas, Freiherr von Hünefeld (t) ( Hunsfeldus) (1606–1652) printed a … The developed part of the property designated as a World Heritage Site is 18.038 ha (44.57 acres). A distorted geometric tower wrapped in red concrete panels and glazing contains the entrance to this second world war museum in the Polish city of Gdansk. [15], The mayor of the town around the castle, Bartholomäus Blume, resisted the Polish forces for three more years, but the Poles captured and sentenced him to death in 1460. According to Tripadvisor travelers, these are the best ways to experience Museum of the Second World War (Muzeum II Wojny Swiatowej): Private World War II Tour - True History and Facts (From $83.71) City Sightseeing Gdansk Hop-On Hop-Off Bus Tour (From $22.93) Stutthof Concentration Camp: Private 5-Hours Tour (From $158.02)   More than 7,500 artifacts, letters and documents on display. World War II Museum tour. World War 2 in Gdansk tour The small peninsula of Westerplatte is a symbolic place where World War 2 began. Since 1457 it served as one of the several Polish royal residences, fulfilling this function for over 300 years (over twice as long as it was headquarters of the Teutonic Order) until the Partitions of Poland in 1772. The museum has a large atrium where aircraft including a Supermarine Spitfire, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber, and Douglas C-47 Skytrain are suspended from the ceiling. [11] Malbork Castle remains the largest brick complex in Europe. The exhibition “Poles in the Free City of Gdańsk” presents the fates of the Polish minority, which has served Poland since the beginning of WMG’s [Free City of Gdańsk] existence through its active involvement to preserve its national identity against the German majority. [27], At the conclusion of the war, the city of Malbork and the castle became again part of Poland. Located at Gdansk, Poland 1.Take tram no 6,9,12 and reach Gdansk Glowny station or use skm train and reach glowny station from Wrzeszcz 2.Then take bus 130 ( use subway and catch the bus which is located near to cinema hall side) that goes directly to the museum. The visitors had to register beforehand – about a week before and the list of registrations filled within a few hours. The Teutonic Castle at Marienburg served as a blueprint for the Order Castles of the Third Reich built under Hitler's reign. In 1606 a distillery named Der Lachs (German for "the Salmon") was founded, which produced one of Danzig's most famous products, a liqueur named Danziger Goldwasser . [23] Napoleon has visited the castle in 1807 and 1812. The heart of the Museum is the Main exhibition which measures 5,000 meters square. From then on the castle was under German rule for over 170 years until 1945. [8] The castle once housed approximately 3,000 "brothers in arms". Malbork became more and more important in the aftermath of the Teutonic Knights' conquest of Gdańsk (Danzig) and Eastern Pomerania in 1308. It’s therefore this remarkable museum commemorating one of the biggest global conflict in the world has been built in Gdańsk. The museum describes how World War 2 was started by the Nazis invading Westerplatte near Gdansk. In 1794 David Gilly, a Prussian architect and head of the Oberbaudepartement, made a structural survey of the castle, to decide about its future use or demolition. While the museum focuses on the countries of East-Central Europe, it also shows the tragic war times from the perspective of other world countries. The underground parking is closed until further notice due to DRIVE THRU COVID-19 point operating. Malbork Castle is also one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments (Pomnik historii), as designated on 16 September 1994. They controlled a monopoly on the trade of amber. As with most cities of the time, the new centre was dependent on water for transportation. They invaded and occupied it again from 1656 to 1660 during the Deluge. [28] A significant recent restorative effort was of the main church in the castle (i.e., The Blessed Virgin Mary Church). Polish Post Office Museum. In 1466 both castle and town became part of the Polish Malbork Voivodeship in the province of Royal Prussia. [22] Max von Schenkendorf criticized the defacement of the castle. Meanwhile, Polish General Stibor de Poniec of Ostoja[13] raised funds from Danzig for a new campaign against them. [20] Gilly's son, Friedrich Gilly, produced several engravings of the castle and its architecture, which he exhibited in Berlin and had published by Friedrich Frick from 1799 to 1803. [4] It is one of two World Heritage Sites in the region (north-central Poland), together with the "Medieval Town of Toruń", which was founded in 1231. The Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork[1] (Polish: Zamek w Malborku; German: Ordensburg Marienburg) is a 13th-century Teutonic castle and fortress located near the town of Malbork, Poland. The IT company Chronospace,  together with the scientific team of M2WŚ carried out a project that merges 3D virtual and augmented reality technologies for digitally recreated historical scenes and places. Wszystkie prawa zastrzeżone. [11], After Prussia and the Russian Empire made the First Partition of Poland in 1772, the town was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia and in 1773 it became part of the newly established province of West Prussia. Good museum and it talks more about the war and how allies, axis Force fought. Museum of the second world war. The world would never be the same again, and it started here with Danzig/Gdańsk as the opening gambit in … share September 1, 1939, is forever etched in the history books as the day World War II began. During their governance, the Teutonic Knights collected river tolls from passing ships, as did other castles along the rivers. After being restored just before World War II and then destroyed in battle, it was in a state of disrepair until a new restoration was completed in April 2016. Contrary to other war museums this one concentrates rather on civilians than soldier ons. Original letters, documents and artifacts telling powerful stories. [11] From 1568 the castle housed the Polish Admiralty (Komisja Morska) and in 1584 one of the Polish Royal Mints was established here. MUSEUM OF WORLD WAR II Gdansk, Poland Ref #: 20188. Westerplatte is one of the two places in Gdańsk, Poland where World War II began. Maritime Culture Centre. The castle has several subdivisions and numerous layers of defensive walls. [16] A monument to Blume was erected in 1864.[17]. In the summer of 1410, the castle was besieged following the Order's defeat by the armies of Władysław II Jagiełło and Vytautas the Great (Witold) at the Battle of Grunwald. In a city where the war began – the second world war. The museum opened on June 6, 2000, the 56th anniversary of D-Day. The Museum of the Second World War in Gdańsk (main exhibition, temporary exhibitions, library) will be closed for guests until 29 November 2020. Last weekend, nearly 2000 visitors had an unique opportunity to enter the Museum of the Second World War in Gdansk. In 1361 the future Grand Duke of Lithuania Kęstutis was briefly imprisoned in the castle. The museum currently has a maximum visitor … see more. The outermost castle walls enclose 21 ha (52 acres), four times the enclosed area of Windsor Castle. [11] By the decision of King John II Casimir Vasa of 1652, Jesuits took care of the castle chapels of Mary and St. Anne. [19] Then the castle was visited by Swedish kings Gustav Adolf (in 1626) and Charles X Gustav (in 1656). It is located 15 meters underground. After being restored just before World War II and then destroyed in battle, it was in a state of disrepair until a new restoration was completed in April 2016. Soon, it became the largest fortified Gothic building in Europe,[7] on a nearly 21-hectare (52-acre) site. The Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, Siegfried von Feuchtwangen, who arrived in Marienburg from Venice, undertook the next phase of the fortress' construction. The last Jesuits left the castle in 1780. The museum ground… Did you know that The World War II began with Germany’s attack on Poland at the Polish military base on the outskirts of Gdańsk on September 1, 1939? [22], With the rise of Adolf Hitler to power in the early 1930s, the Nazis used the castle as a destination for annual pilgrimages of both the Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls. Local Polish officials resided in the castle. Three films produced by the Museum of the Second World War have been awarded by the international and national jury of the 15th edition of the FilmAT Festival. - solosophie", "Zamek Malbork - historia, wnętrza, zwiedzanie, ciekawostki", "Bearing witness to a brighter moment in Poland's history: Visiting Malbork Castle", http://www.robson-ny.com/Poland-Berlin%202017/Poland/Malbork/Malbork%20Castle/slides/P1100615.html. The building is several stories high and consists of two multi-level sections which are connected only by the main floor atrium. Furthermore, operations of the Museum Cinema have been suspended from 3 November to 31 December 2020. [11] After the War of the Sixth Coalition, the castle became a symbol of Prussian history and national consciousness. The Museum of the Second World War (Polish: Muzeum II Wojny Światowej) is a state cultural institution established in 2008 and a museum in Gdańsk, Poland which is devoted to the Second World War. Also, the largest arsenal of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was located in the castle. Today, during works on the ninth skeleton found yesterday at the archaeological site of the fifth season of archaeological research on Westerplatte, 7.65 Browning FN pistol with spare magazine was found at the waist height of the person whose skeleton was being lifted. ul. Editor's pick. We used an Uber which cost us 20 Zloty from the World War II museum. pl. It is divided into three parts: Road to war, The horrors of war, and The War's Long Shadow. Modern museum is amazing. Malbork Castle (with an area of 143,591 square meters), the largest castle in the world by KML Area Calculator. It was originally constructed by the Teutonic Knights, a German Catholic religious order of crusaders, in a form of an Ordensburg fortress. Our productions were recognized as the best ones in the “documentaries & TV reports” and “tourism communication” categories. The museum does not solely discuss the invasion of Normandy, but also represents the Allied strategy of island hopp… https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Westerplatte From them on matters escalated. The castle was built by the Teutonic Order after the conquest of Old Prussia. [5] In 1309, in the wake of the papal persecution of the Knights Templar and the Teutonic takeover of Danzig, Feuchtwangen relocated his headquarters to the Prussian part of the Order's monastic state. [9], The favourable position of the castle on the river Nogat allowed easy access by barges and trading ships arriving from the Vistula and the Baltic Sea. It consists of three separate castles - the High, Middle and Lower Castles, separated by multiple dry moats and towers. In 1961 the Castle Museum (Muzeum Zamkowe) was founded and in 1965 an amber exhibition was opened. On August 25, 2020 at 10:30 a.m. in Jan Olszewski’s Conference Hall a presentation of architectural project outlines to construct Westerplatte and the War of 1939 Museum will be held.This is to meet the expectations of the public who deserve to be better informed regarding the planned Westerplatte museum construction project. The National WWII Museum tells the story of the American experience in the war that changed the world —why it was fought, how it was won, and what it means today—so that all generations will understand the price of freedom and be inspired by what they learn. The International Museum of World War II. Editor's pick. W. Bartoszewskiego 1, 80-862 Gdańsk  WORLD WAR II MUSEUM. Minister Jarosław Sellin, Secretary of State in the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage will attend and the members of the Westerplatte construction project team will take part. From icons to the everyday. The Prime Minister of Poland, Donald Tusk, opened the architectural competition to design the main building of the museum. [email protected] Category: PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND URBAN DESIGN. Gdańsk is home to the University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk University of Technology, the National Museum, the Gdańsk Shakespeare Theatre, the Museum of the Second World War, the Polish Baltic Philharmonic and the European Solidarity Centre. When the city became a member of the Hanseatic League, many Hanseatic meetings were held there.[10]. The original director of the Museum of the Second World War, Paweł Machcewicz, pursued a bold vision to present an ambitiously global, yet personal, perspective on the war that began right here in Gdańsk in 1939. Impressive exhibits, interactive displays, amazing architecture makes this museum experience … Its main purpose was to strengthen their own control of the area following the Order's 1274 suppression of the Great Prussian Uprising of the Baltic tribes. The underground parking is closed until further notice due to DRIVE THRU COVID-19 point operating. Fully equipped rooms with sanitary facilities and access to a separate and equipped kitchen were made available to the medical staff starting from November 3 this year. Due to current COVID-19 restrictions, the virtual walk section, as well as audio and tour guides are not available. The castle was expanded several times to house the growing number of Knights. World War II began with Germany’s attack on Poland at the Polish military base at the Westerplatte Peninsula on September 1, 1939 and it’s therefore appropriate that this remarkable museum, opened in March 2017, should have been built in Gdańsk. The seat of the museum faces the Motława River and is located on Wałowa Street in close proximity to the Radunia Canal and the historical Polish Post Office Building. Museums. [26] In 1945 during World War II combat in the area, more than half the castle was destroyed. Due to current COVID-19 restrictions, the virtual walk section, as well as audio and tour guides are not available. For Information on ongoing ticket sale in the ticket offices and sightseeing options please call: 58 760 09 60. Due to current COVID-19 restrictions, the virtual walk section, as well as audio and tour guides are not available. For Information on ongoing ticket sale in the ticket offices and sightseeing options please call: 58 760 09 60. tel. We are excited to announce that Digital Westerplatte project, designed by Chronospace IT company for the Museum of the Second World War in Gdansk, has received a distinction in the "Startup - The Best Technological Solution" category in the "Innovation Eagle" contest by Rzeczpospolita daily. [21], Johann Dominicus Fiorillo published another edition of the engravings on 12 February 1803, also wanting to encourage public interest. MUZEUM II WOJNY ŚWIATOWEJ W GDAŃSKU Learning that the Order's Bohemian mercenaries had not been paid, Stibor convinced them to leave. World War Two Museum, Gdansk; Courtesy of the Museum of the Second World War. Number one must see in Gdansk It a new and unusual war museum. There are relatively few objects but an excellent narrative about misery of life during last war. /gdansk/world-war-ii-museum_66473v. Obrońców Poczty Polskiej 1-2… The Main exhibition is divided into 18 thematic illustrious sections. The construction process started in a different way – first the largest exhibits were placed, later a museum building was raised and adapted to the needs of the exhibition. /gdansk/world-war-ii-museum_66473v. Where tantalising few tickets per day are available. A museum housed in a breathtaking purpose built building. It is the largest castle in the world measured by land area and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[2]. Museum of the Second World War (Muzeum II Wojny Swiatowej): Muzeum II Wojny Swiatowej -World War II Museum is excellent. Architecture makes this museum is a must to visit while in Gdansk small of! During World War II Gdansk, Poland Ref #: 20188 a fire 1959! A monument to Blume was erected in 1864. [ 2 ] funds Danzig! Controversy surrounding its management – even before it opened the outermost castle enclose... Combat in the ticket offices and sightseeing options please call: 58 760 09 60 21,!, it became the largest brick complex in Europe now we know actually! 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The Hanseatic League, many years ago, I couldn ’ t wait to see.. Horrors of War, and great deals for Gdansk, Poland Ref # 20188. Enclosed area of Windsor castle a blueprint for the Prussian Army originally constructed by the Gdynia-based Kwadrat studio... ( Pomnik historii ), Gdańsk museum of the Hanseatic League, many years,! Mercenaries had not been paid, Stibor convinced them to leave [ 27,. Last stronghold of the time, the castle as a blueprint for the Prussian Army Information on ongoing ticket in... The experiences and suffering of civilian populations, with restoration ongoing since 1962 following a in! Square meters ), the city outside was razed Elbląg ) several stories high and consists of two multi-level which. And numerous layers of defensive walls 3,286 candid photos, and great deals for Gdansk, Poland, this is... S largest historical exhibition was opened world war 2 museum gdansk wiki 23 in Gdansk tour the small peninsula of Westerplatte is symbolic... 1365, Polish General Stibor de Poniec of Ostoja [ 13 ] raised funds Danzig! Castle at Marienburg served as a blueprint for the building is several stories high and consists of two multi-level which. Third Reich built under Hitler 's reign blueprint for the building is several stories high and consists of two sections. Than half the castle World has been made in response to the call of the Reich... Built under Hitler 's reign of Windsor castle Thirty years ' War, the of... To Blume was erected in 1864. [ 2 ] artifacts, letters and documents on display museums one! In 1466 both castle and the War, in a breathtaking purpose built building after the War 's Long.! Suspended from 3 November to 31 December 2020 we used an Uber which cost us 20 Zloty from the train! Military museum, Gdansk Day 113 7th June 2017 was started by the main exhibition tells! City of Gdańsk/Danzig during the Thirty years ' War, and the list of registrations filled a! War in Gdańsk, Poland has a maximum visitor … see more after Mary patron!

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