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[11] There is also a 95 km2 area of scrubland, containing kanuka (Leptospermum ericoides), manuka (Leptospermum scoparium), celery-top pine (Phyllocladus aspleniifolius), inaka (Dracophyllum longifolium), woolly fringe moss (Rhacomitrium lanuginosum), small beeches and introduced heather. V parku nalezneme dvě z nejaktivnějších sopek na světě (Ngauruhoe a Ruapehu) a řadu maorských posvátných míst. It also draws water from the Tongariro River via the Poutu tunnel and canal. That's it. Just over one hundred years later, the park was awarded dual UNESCO World Heritage status for both its cultural significance to the Māori people, as well as its outstanding natural features. Between 1700 and 2020 m there are some isolated Parahebe species, Gentiana bellidifolia and buttercups. It contains a considerable part of the North Island Volcanic Plateau. If you venture to the central North Island. The scheme taps a catchment area of more than 2600 km2 and uses a series of lakes, canals and tunnels to take water to the two stations which typically generate 1400 GWh pa,. 1,978 metros ibabaw sa dagat kahaboga ang nahimutangan sa Tongariro, o 298 ka metros sa ibabaw sa naglibot nga tereyn.Mga 4.0 ka kilometro ang gilapdon sa tiilan niini. Mount Tongariro Another volcano within the park that has experienced the effects of weathering and erosion is Mount Ngauruhoe. It has been acknowledged by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site of mixed cultural and natural values. The next settlement is on the bottom, in Whakapapa. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Der Tongariro-Nationalpark (englisch Tongariro National Park) ist der älteste Nationalpark Neuseelands. Tongariro National Park has been under the control of the New Zealand Department of Conservation since the creation of the department in 1987. Directly to the east stand the hills of the Kaimanawa range. Les muntanyes volcàniques actives Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe i Tongariro estan situades al centre del parc. This road climbs to Iwikau Village, which provides access to ski fields. It has 15 lifts, covering an area of 5.5 km2. Efforts are being made to control the plant's spread, however complete eradication seems unlikely. Like the whole of New Zealand, Tongariro National Park is situated in a temperate zone. The average temperature is 13 °C, with a maximum of 25 °C in summer and a minimum of -10 °C in winter. It contains a considerable part of the North Island Volcanic Plateau. The most popular track in Tongariro National Park is the Tongariro Alpine Crossing. Ruim 260.000 jaar geleden barstte de … This volcano is considered to be a stratovolcano and the sides of its cone are steep and loose scree slopes that are covered in materials from eruptions that date back to 1839. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Mild temperatures (max 7°C on Mon morning, min 2°C on Sat night). Ruapehu today, however there is abundant geomorphological evidence for more extensive glaciation in the recent geological past. Tongariro National Park stretches around the massif of the three active volcanoes Mount Ruapehu, Mount Ngauruhoe, and Mount Tongariro. Some of these measures include lake level management, ecological monitoring programmes, and agreements with local iwi to establish a process for iwi involvement in environmental monitoring and access to information. Tongariro je v současnosti neaktivní stratovulkán, nacházející se na novozélandském Severním ostrově, asi 20 km severovýchodně od vulkánu Ruapehu a přibližně 20 kilometrů jižně od jezera Taupo.Společně s Ruapehu a Ngauruhoe je Tongariro součástí nejstaršího národního parku na Novém Zélandu. Later the peaks of Mount Tongariro, Mount Ngauruhoe, and parts of Mount Ruapehu, were conveyed to The Crown on 23 September 1887, on condition that a protected area was established there. The district is landlocked, and contains the western half of the Tongariro National Park, including Mount Ruapehu and the western sides of Mount Ngauruhoe and Mount Tongariro, as well as part of the Whanganui National Park.The district is also home to the world-famous Raurimu Spiral on the North Island Main Trunk railway line.. The bulk of Tongariro National Park is surrounded by well-maintained roads that roughly follow the park borders and provide easy access. … The park was New Zealand's first … It also draws water from the Tongariro River via the Poutu tunnel and canal. The second Tongariro National Park Act, in 1922, started some active conservation efforts, but it was not until 1931 that the first permanent park ranger began work. It is 23 kilometres northeast of Ohakune and 40 kilometres southwest of the southern shore of Lake Taupo, within Tongariro National Park. We have created a browser extension. The first activities in the young Tongariro National Park were the construction of tourist huts at the beginning of the 20th century. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing, a crossing of Mt Tongariro near Turangi, is extremely popular. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing, a crossing of Mt Tongariro near Turangi, is extremely popular. The park covers around 80,000 hectares. Mt Ruapehu Tongariro Northern Circuitin suunnasta, 2015 Tyyppi Kerrostulivuori Sijainti Pohjoissaari , Uusi-Seelanti Uusi-Seelanti Vuoristo North Island Volcanic Plateau (d) (käännä suomeksi) Korkeus merenpinnasta 2 797 m Prominenssi 2 797 m Purkautunut viimeksi 25. syyskuuta 2007 Ensimmäinen nousu huipulle 1879, G. Beetham ja J. P. Maxwell. The three magnificent volcanoes—Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe and Tongariro—are very much alive, with Ruapehu erupting as recently as 2006. Mount Ruapehu is an active stratovolcano at the southern end of the Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand. The 80,000 hectares Tongariro National Park (a World Heritage Area) is the centre of attraction for this district. The active volcano Mount Ruapehu dominates the landscape, rising to 2,797 metres from the surrounding countryside. IN THE CENTRE of the North Island,the sprawling Tongariro National Park area is hard to miss with its three volcanic peaks of Ruapehu, Tongariro and Ngāuruhoe jutting out of the bare high plains of the Central North Island, southwest of Lake Taupō. Also known as National Park Village, it is the highest urban township in New Zealand, at 825 metres. Mount Tongariro is 1,978 m (6,490 ft) tall. In the west, State Highway 4 passes National Park village, and in the east, State Highway 1, known for this stretch as the Desert Road, runs parallel to the Tongariro River. Home to the highest mountain on New Zealand's North Island, the 2,800-metre-high volcano Mount Ruapehu, Tongariro National Park is one of the highlights of any visit to New Zealand. The prevailing westerly winds gather water over the Tasman Sea. Climate information with charts. Side trips to the summits of Mount Tongariro and Mount Ngauruhoe are possible on these tracks. Though it has only nine lifts, the skiing area, of 5 km2, is almost as large as Whakapapa's. Its turbines are located in a cavern cut from solid rock and lined with concrete. Further away are Waiouru and Raetihi. On the eastern side of Mount Ruapehu, water is diverted from the Kaimanawa Ranges and headwaters of the Wahianoa River through a 20 km tunnel into the Rangipo dam. The last modification to the Act was passed in 1980. The crossing is a linear journey, starting on the west side of Mount Tongariro and finishing on the north side. Later the peaks of Mount Tongariro, Mount Ngauruhoe, and parts of Mount Ruapehu, were conveyed to The Crown on 23 September 1887, on condition that a protected area was established there. A fost deschis pe 23 septembrie 1887. Mount Tongariro Another volcano within the park that has experienced the effects of weathering and erosion is Mount Ngauruhoe. The east–west rainfall differences are not as great as in the Southern Alps, because the three volcanoes do not belong to a greater mountain range, but there is still a noticeable rain shadow effect with the Rangipo desert on the Eastern leeward side receiving 1,000 mm of annual rainfall. Parcul Național Tongariro este cel mai vechi parc din Noua Zeelandă și pe locul patru după vechime în lume. Tongariro National Park (/ˈtɒŋɡərɪroʊ/; Māori: [tɔŋaɾiɾɔ]) is the oldest national park in New Zealand,[1] located in the central North Island. Understory species within the forests include ferns such as crown fern (Blechnum discolor) as well as shrub species. The first activities in the young Tongariro National Park were the construction of tourist huts at the beginning of the 20th century. Emerald Lakes The history of Tongariro will be cherished for many years to come. On the park borders are the towns of Turangi, National Park Village and Ohakune. It gathers water from the mountains of the central volcanic plateau, passes it through Rangipo (120MW) and Tokaanu (240MW) power stations, and releases it into Lake Taupo. Road construction into Whakapapa valley had already begun in the 1920s. It is crowded in summer. The park also features the only two native mammals of New Zealand, the short and long tailed bat (Mystacina tuberculata and Chalinolobus tuberculatus). Later the peaks of Mount Tongariro, Mount Ngauruhoe, and parts of Mount Ruapehu, were conveyed to Mount Ruapehu is an active stratovolcano at the southern end of the Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand. These tracks also serve as winter routes, as well as the track to the summit of Mount Ruapehu. At Whakapapa Village (1119 m) the average annual rainfall is about 2200 mm, in Ohakune (610 m) about 1250 mm and in higher altitudes, such as Iwikau Village (1770 m), about 4900 mm. In the early 20th century, park administrators introduced heather to the park, for grouse hunting. Mount Tongariro Elevation The Tokaanu power station is connected to Lake Rotoaira via a six kilometre tunnel through Mount Tihia. The 120MW Rangipo power station is 230 m below ground. A fost deschis pe 23 septembrie 1887. Mount Tongariro is 1,978 m (6,490 ft) tall. [9], Erosion and deposition by mountain glaciers has also played an important role in shaping Tongariro and Ruapehu volcanoes. Mt Tongariro's active Red Crater last emitted ash in 1926, and there were eruptions from the Te Maari craters on Mt Tongariro's northern slopes on 6 August 2012 and 21 November 2012. Last edited on 18 September 2020, at 06:12, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The 10 Oldest National Parks in the World", "Data Table - Protected Areas - LINZ Data Service", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tongariro_National_Park&oldid=979006175, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cultural and Natural: (vi), (vii), (viii), This page was last edited on 18 September 2020, at 06:12. Two Maori kainga (settlements) Papakai and Otukou are not part of the park but lie on the shores of Lake Rotoaira between the Pihanga Scenic Reserve and the main park area. As the area is a national park there are few businesses that sell food in the area. El parc nacional de Tongariro és el parc nacional més antic de Nova Zelanda, situat al mig de l'Illa del Nord.Va ser reconegut per la UNESCO com un dels 24 llocs Patrimoni de la Humanitat que barreja cultura i naturalesa.. Va ser el quart parc nacional establert al món. Tongariro National Park, in the central North Island of New Zealand, contains the three active volcanoes of Mount Ruapehu (the island's highest peak), Mount Tongariro and Mount Ngauruhoe.It is one of the North Island's most popular areas for day tramping, multi-day tramping and snow sports.The island's two main skifields are on Ruapehu. Mount Tongariro Weather (Days 0-3): Heavy rain (total 33mm), heaviest during Mon night. Mount Tongariro (/ˈtɒŋɡəˌrɛ.roʊ/; Māori pronunciation: [tɔŋaɾiɾɔ]) is a compound volcano in the Taupo Volcanic Zone of the North Island of New Zealand. Bukid ang Tongariro sa Nuzeland. The mountain summits are of great significance to the local Māori. Tongariro National Park was the sixth national park[2] established in the world. They have however produced significant historic mudflows. The big three mountains in the Park are Mount Ruapehu (9,173 ft / 2,796 m), Mount Ngauruhoe (7,503 ft / 2,287 m), and Mount Tongariro (6,453 ft / 1,967 m). The Whanganui River rises within the park and flows through Whanganui National Park to the west. Efforts are being made to control the plant's spread, however complete eradication seems unlikely. A slightly smaller ski field called Turoa is on the south-western slope. The extra catchment increases the volume of water going into Lake Taupo and down the Waikato River by 20%. The hotel Chateau Tongariro, which is still the centre of Whakapapa today, was established in 1929. But it was not before opening of the railway in 1908 and the building of roads in the 1930s that a significant number of people visited the park. O Parque Nacional Tongariro é o parque nacional máis antigo de Nova Zelandia localizado no centro da Illa Norte.Ten unha extensión de 795,98 km². There is no accommodation at the ski field; the nearest town is Ohakune. The Tongariro Power Scheme was designed to preserve and protect the natural surroundings as much as possible. National Park is a small town on the North Island Central Plateau in New Zealand. As the volcanoes of Tongariro National Park are the first significant elevations that these winds encounter on the North Island, besides Mount Taranaki, rain falls almost daily. Above 1500 m, the terrain consists of gravel and stone fields and is accordingly unstable. Centered on the highest village in the country, Whakapapa, the region is a … When the New Zealand Parliament passed the Tongariro National Park Act in October 1894, the park covered an area of about 252.13 km2, but it took until 1907 to acquire the land. This 26.4 km2 area was generally considered to be too small to establish a national park after the model of Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, United States, and so further areas were acquired. Mount Ruapehu lies in Tongariro National Park, in the Central North Island of New Zealand.The mountain is an active volcano, but also has the two major skifields for the North Island. The park also features the only two native mammals of New Zealand, the short and long tailed bat (Mystacina tuberculata and Chalinolobus tuberculatus). Mount Tongariro Elevation Get in [] Get around [] See [] [add listing]. Národní park Tongariro (anglicky Tongariro National Park) byl založen v roce 1887 jako první národní park na Novém Zélandu.Leží uprostřed Severního ostrova a má rozlohu 796 km². These two ski fields came under common management in 2000. Mount Ngauruhoe - Tongariro National Park.jpg 960 × 640; 89 KB Mount Ruapehu Autumn.jpg 3,264 × 2,448; 721 KB Mount Tongariro and Ngaurahoe.jpg 3,545 × 1,412; 4.25 MB The near-perfect conical shape of Ngauruhoe was the basis for Mount Doom in Peter Jackson's Lord of the Rings movie trilogy. There are a number of Māori religious sites within the park,[3] and many of the park's summits, including Ngauruhoe and Ruapehu, are tapu, or sacred. 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