exodus 22:18 meaning
Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. “If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, he shall restore five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep. " One of the principal reasons for consulting witches of course was to arrange help in getting rid of an enemy, and the witches certainly knew how to help! The existence of the law, given under the direction of the Spirit of God, proves the existence of the thing. Of which see Exodus 7:11 Leviticus 20:27 Deuteronomy 18:10 1 Samuel 28:9. For the old reason (John 3:19-21). Spiritual realities in the Bible were never discovered to be small tricks. Exodus 22 – More Laws to Direct Judges A. 5. This is proved by one of their kings (Saul) consulting the Witch of Endor at a time long after this. We believe, no witch ever did live! Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live - See the marginal references. "Commentary on Exodus 22:18". Ver. "Commentary on Exodus 22:18". to incant or practice magic". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance. As filthy defilement (Leviticus 19:31). Such that had familiar spirits, and conversed with them, and by means thereof got knowledge of many things relating to persons, at least pretending they did; and who did or seemed to do many strange and surprising feats, as even to raise the spirits of departed persons, to converse with them and gain knowledge by them, though in reality they did not, and could not do such things, but used some juggling tricks to deceive the people, and in which they might be assisted by evil spirits; as appears from the case of the witch of Endor, who was surprised at the appearance of Samuel, it being out of the ordinary course of her art and practice really to bring up the spirit of a man deceased, whatever pretensions might be made to it; however, such being deceivers of the people, and leading them into unwarrantable practices, and off of a dependence on God and his providence, and from seeking to him, and asking counsel of him, they are by this law condemned to death, such an one was not to be suffered to live; not that it was lawful for anybody to kill her, or that any private person might or must do it that knew her, or took her to be a witch; but she was to be had before a court of judicature and tried there, and, if found guilty, to be put to death by the civil magistrate: so Jarchi's note is,"but she shall die by the house of judgment;'or the sanhedrim; for these words are spoken to Moses the chief judge, and to those that were under him, and succeeded him and them; though the Targum of Jonathan prefaces them thus:"and my people, the children of Israel, thou shalt not, &c.'and though only a witch is mentioned, or this is only expressed in the feminine gender, because a multitude of this sort of people were found among women, as Ben Melech observes, and so Aben Ezra; yet wizards, or men that dealt with familiar spirits, are included; and it may be reasonably concluded from hence, that if women, who generally have more mercy and compassion shown them, yet were not suffered to live when found criminal in this way, then much less men: and this law is thought by some to follow upon the other, concerning enticing and lying with a virgin not betrothed; because such sort of persons were made use of to entice and decoy maids to gratify the lusts of men. Pythoness, Smith’s Dic. Exodus 22:20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed. 1765. Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live , [ m. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. In this country we only meet with it now in the form of spiritualism, and as such--. Regarding the people today who make their living dealing with what they call "the occult arts," they are likewise sinners, though probably not on the same scale as those envisioned in this verse. This enactment shows the reality of intercourse with evil spirits (angels) and demons. "Commentary on Exodus 22:18". Christ and His apostles meet the spirits not in darkened cabinets but with open exorcism. Exodus 22:18 NIV Exodus 22:18 NLT Exodus 22:18 ESV Exodus 22:18 NASB Exodus 22:18 KJV Exodus 22:18 Bible Apps Exodus 22:18 Biblia Paralela Exodus 22:18 Chinese Bible Exodus 22:18 French Bible Exodus 22:18 German Bible Alphabetical: a allow Do live not shall sorceress to You OT Law: Exodus 22:18 You shall not allow a sorceress (Exo. âThou shalt not suffer a witch to live.â. Exodus 22:20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed. Exodus 22: 18 “You must not allow a sorceress to live”. See more. James Hoffmeier places Exod 22:18 within the context of 22:16-31 which he indicates are primarily related to social responsibilities. EXODUS 22:18. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/exodus-22.html. I kind of like that as a general rule, and get very frustrated when people try to bend over backward to ascribe some strange meaning to phrases besides what is obvious and apparent. For harm (Isaiah 8:19), when there is a firm trust in God. Additional Capital Crimes Are Listed by the Lord. In these passages the punishment of those is appointed who should in any respect violate the worship of God. 4. 3 But if it happens after sunrise, there is bloodguilt for him.) 19 Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God: 20 And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". Wizards. 16 And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/exodus-22.html. (12-6) Exodus 22:18–24. We do not hear of angels or spirits, whether in Old Testament or New, pulling men’s hair, scattering sweetmeats, rapping on walls, hurling bed pillows, appearing in regimentals, or handling hot coals. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/exodus-22.html. 3. 1857. "Commentary on Exodus 22:18". All other rights reserved.  This accounts for the rendition "sorceress," but it does not mean that only women committed this sin, despite the fact of most witches of that era being feminine. God hates divination. Use the scale on the left to tell how often the verses below are googled compared to each other. In Exodus 6:9 it describes Pharaoh as "cruel" (skleros meaning literally hard). Now it is clear that all the kinds which are there recited, are here included under one; so that God would condemn to capital punishment all augurs, and magicians, and consulters with familiar spirits, and necromancers and followers of magic arts, as well as enchanters. Jablonski Pantheon Egypt. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/exodus-22.html. Wherefore, since it is not just that men should escape with impunity, when the infirmity of women is not spared, nor that dissimilar sentences should be pronounced in similar cases, the same punishment which was decreed against witches and enchantresses, is now extended to either sex, and to all magical superstitions. BibliographyGill, John. This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. 22 “Do not take advantage of the widow or the fatherless. 2. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/exodus-22.html. 17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins. Exodus 22:19 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death. Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the NEW NIV Study Bible Notes, Fully Revised Edition.Try it free for 30-days. 1905-1909. Take The Rosary: History, Mystery, and Meaning Class Now . Exodus 22:18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/exodus-22.html. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. And this will appear more plainly from the second and third passages, in which God declares that He “will set. Newer translations tend to replace "the gods" with "God". One other word about what witches did. Exodus 22 1 "If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it, he must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep. Exodus 22:21, ESV: "“You shall not wrong a sojourner or oppress him, for you were sojourners in the land of Egypt." EXODUS 24:9–11—How could these people see God when God said in Exodus 33:20, “no man shall see me and live”?. In bringing Israel out of the gross superstitions and pagan idolatry of the times, it was the height of wisdom and concern for His people that lay back of God's edict. "Commentary on Exodus 22:18". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance. 1905. Thou shall not suffer a witch to live. "Commentary on Exodus 22:18". 2: cap. Because it comes before the imagination and the affections with plausible appeals. Ver. 2. 1. Exodus 22:21 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Exodus 22:21, NIV: "Do not mistreat or oppress a foreigner, for you were foreigners in Egypt." "Thou shalt not suffer a sorceress to live.". Exodus 21 Exodus 23 Chapter 22. The laws of this chapter relate, I. See art. Whoever lies with an animal shall surely be put to death. Certainly the same enactment is made respecting males in Deuteronomy 18:1, (66) only the punishment is not there denounced, but God merely prohibits any of the people from being an enchanter or a witch. (18) Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.—The word translated “witch” in this passage is the feminine singular of that rendered by “sorcerers” in Exodus 7:11, and means “a mutterer of charms.” The use of the feminine form can only be accounted for by supposing that, practically, witchcraft was at the time mainly professed by females. Bible). 1871-8. 1828. 1 If a thief be found breaking in, and be smitten so that he dieth, there shall be no bloodguiltiness for him. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". 1. In other words, some crimes were so serious that restitution had to be made with one’s own life. Go to. Laws regarding personal property and restitution. Bible / Our Library / Bible Commentaries / Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete) / Exodus / Exodus 22; Share Tweet. And I will execute great vengeance upon them, love the Lord your God with all your heart, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Not (the simple or abs. From all such notions and tendencies true worship is designed to deliver us. Whether the persons thus denominated only pretended to have an art which had no existence, or whether they really possessed the power commonly attributed to them, are questions which it would be improper to discuss at length in a work of this kind; but that witches, wizards, those who dealt with familiar spirits, etc., are represented in the sacred writings as actually possessing a power to evoke the dead, to perform, supernatural operations, and to discover hidden or secret things by spells, charms, incantations, etc., is evident to every unprejudiced reader of the Bible. Its performances, like the old witchcraft, take place in the dark, and under circumstances the force of which requires the exertions of the strongest will. Strong therefore concludes that the word means "to whisper a spell, i.e. BibliographyExell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Exodus 22:18". The practice of witchcraft was therefore an act of rebellion against Yahweh, and, as such, was a capital crime. A novel view of this verse was advocated by Esses who did not believe that the death penalty was assigned to witches in this place, but that, "The prohibition is against patronizing a witch and thus enabling her to support herself by her nefarious profession! On the face of it, both "the gods" and "God" are valid translations of the Hebrew "אלהים (elohim)". To get what Exodus 22:18 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. In every form of witchcraft there is an appeal to a power not acting in subordination to the divine law. "You shall not allow a sorceress to live. BibliographyWesley, John. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. We have lately seen how severely God avenged apostasy from the faith; but now He touches upon certain particular points when religion is not professedly forsaken, but some corruption is introduced, whereby its purity is affected. Leviticus 19:26; Leviticus 19:31; Leviticus 20:27; Deuteronomy 18:10-11. There are some things for which God had no tolerance regardless of what your motivations may have been. 7. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/exodus-22.html. Exodus 22:18. Exodus 22:18, NASB: "'You shall not allow a sorceress to live." "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". We should remember, "The tremendous power of magic in the ancient world and among the heathen races today, and its deadly nature as a negation of all true religion. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 18. Exodus 22:17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins. 2. (b). Deception is their stock in trade, and this writer has never heard of one who was a true believer in Christ. BibliographyClarke, Adam. Use the buttons below to get details on the Hebrew word and view related Bible verses that use the same root word. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. In the words also “that turneth to go a whoring,” the atrocity of the crime is again expressed, the similitude being taken from immodest women, who seek with wandering glances for the indulgence of their lust. Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live— What is here translated witch, is rendered sorcerer, ch. Because it destroys all faith in the person and providence of God, and hence imperils the hopes, aspirations, and safety of the soul. It is therefore wrong to assert that just one of these is what "The Bible" says. Exodus 22:21, Exodus 23:9. By our law, consulting, covenanting with, invocating, or employing any evil spirit to any intent whatever, and exercising any enchantment, charm, or sorcery, whereby hurt shall be done to any person, is made felony, without benefit of clergy; also pretending to tell where goods lost or stolen may be found, is an iniquity punishable by the judge, and the second offence with death. Exodus 22:1-31 22 “If a man steals a bull or a sheep and he slaughters or sells it, he is to compensate with five bulls for the bull and four sheep for the sheep. 3. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. The Biblical Illustrator. Free Preview: Click here to read a portion of Chapter 5. 1. Not suffer a witch to live — Those who practised the magical arts were regarded as usurping the realm of Deity, and, by some mysterious league with wicked spirits, opposing themselves to the fundamental principles of true religion. To be sure, Israel disobeyed this commandment just like they did every other commandment God ever gave. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John.
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