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LAByrne / Getty Images. The beech tree is a sturdy and imposing tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading crown. Diagnostics . leaf. Distribution: Eastern United States. Often left by early loggers and many old growth examples exist today in younger forests. Fagaceae -- Beech family. The wide-spreading canopy provides great shade in the summer and beautiful bronze coloring in the fall. Common Name(s): American Beech. This disease occurs when the beech scale insect, Cryptococcus fagisuga, attacks the bark, creating a wound that is then infected by one of two different species of fungi in the genus Nectria.This causes a canker to develop and the tree is eventually killed. They also have long pointed buds. The smooth bark of the Beech Tree is a favorite spot for lovers to carve their initials. As the Latin name grandiflora indicates, the tree has elliptical leaves that are large for the genus, up to 5 inches long. Carl H. Tubbs and David R. Houston. The species that is widely found in North America is known as American beech or Fagus grandifolia.. The American beech tree is one of the easiest trees to learn to identify in the winter. A mysterious disease is killing one of the most majestic trees in American forests - the beech. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. The American Beech can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. That's why the bark of the American Beech tree is smooth, while the bark of most other New England trees is thick and rough. It grows to 66–115 ft tall, with smooth, silver-gray bark. The bark is generally smooth and light grey in color. Beech bark diseases severely deforms the smooth bark. Beech scale was introduced into Nova Scotia from … Beech Tree Trivia Facts. Beech bark disease has become a major killer of beech trees in the Northeastern United States. Old trees may be surrounded by a ring of young beech. The leaf is wider and shorter than the American chestnut tree leaves. Beech nuts are a good source of food for wildlife. Wetland Status ... American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. In winter beech trees are easy to spot at a distance, as many pale tan dead leaves are retained on the trees all winter. Beech. The Beech tree reminded our ancestors of the need to preserve all knowledge in writing for the benefit of future generations. Beech can reach from 15 to 50 meters (50 to 164 feet) in height, depending on the species. Average Dried Weight: 45 lbs/ft 3 (720 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.54, .72. Species of Beech Trees. This adaption originally occurred in the tropics, when the American Beech's ancestors, the family of Fagaceae trees, developed this capability. Often found in thickets produced by root suckering. fruit. If your tree lookes like this, then it is probably a beech tree. It produces small (beech) nuts in a showy pod that are valued by wildlife and visually unique. beech tree bark; american beech tree bark Inner bark is a primary food source for beavers, who have stripped it from the base of this American beech. As mentioned above, the American beech tree is the only species of beech tree native to the U.S. Most Popular Searches. It has a lifespan of 150 to 400 years, depending on the species. The scale insect feeds on the beech tree sap, opening wounds in the tree for the fungus to start colonizing the bark, cambium layer, and sapwood of the tree (OFAH/OMNR Invading Species Awareness Program, 2012). The massive trunk has beautiful silver gray bark; the dark green summer foliage turns a golden bronze in the fall. Many trees have relatively smooth bark when they are young, but beech bark stays smooth no matter how old the tree gets. Beech, also known as Fagus is a genus that includes ten species of deciduous trees, which belong to the family Fagaceae.Beech trees are native to the temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. This is one of the slowest-growing shade trees in Maryland. Tree: Native Status: CAN N L48 N: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation ... – American beech Subordinate Taxa. Yarrow. The bark is excellent for carving, this practice dates back to Roman times. Leaves are alternate and simple with long tapering tips and conspicuous widely-spaced teeth. American beech's graceful, spreading form is superior to other beeches and is attractive throughout the year. All beech species are susceptible to beech canker. Type of Tree: The American Beech falls into the following type(s): Ornamental Trees, Shade Trees Mature Height: The American Beech grows to be 50' - 70' feet in height. Beech bark is a light grey and is very smooth. There are around 10 other species of beech trees found throughout Europe and Asia under the genus Fagus. The scientific name of this tree is Fagus grandifolia. Some varieties, like the Japanese beech, thrive in full shade; while others, like the weeping European beech, prefer full sun. It is the fifth most common tree … Handsome foliage develops a golden bronze color in the fall. Looks like: European beech - downy serviceberry - American chestnut - … A tall, massive tree, the American beech can grow to more than 80 feet tall, providing dense shade. Scientific Name: Fagus grandifolia. Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. The smooth bark, sharply toothed thin leaves with straight veins, and long sharply-pointed buds make this tree very easy to identify. Beech bark disease “causes significant mortality and defects in American beech,” write US Forest Service researchers David R. Houston and James T. O’Brien. Horsechestnut. American beech Family: Fagaceae: tree. American beech (Fagus grandifolia), whose smooth gray trunks can resemble giant elephant legs, can grow to almost 40 meters tall. Known for its smooth, gray bark, the beech is an important anchor species. American beech is a majestic tree species and one of the most remarkable trees of eastern North America, where it forms dense groves in deciduous forests. 1999. If your tree has leaves like this, it is probably a horsechestnut tree. The wood is heavy, hard, tough and strong. American Beech is a fairly common large tree of rich bottomland forests. caused by a combination of damage to the bark and vascular tissue by the beech scale insect (Cryptococcus fagisuga), followed by infection with several fungal species (Neonectria faginata, Neonectria ditissima, and Bionectria ochroleuca). This is the only beech species that is an original native to North America. Please visit our friends at: Joomla Templates: by JoomlaShack Introduction: American beech is a distinctive and elegant forest tree in Kentucky and throughout eastern North America.In early spring new leaves emerge from buds as feathery tassels. Bleeding cankers on the bark of a beech tree. Dover Publications. Beech trees (Fagus species) are desirable for their smooth, gray bark, large size and attractive shapes. Beech Fairy . Disease. This makes the tree interesting throughout the year. Size and Light Requirements. The bark is a medium gray and the canopy forms a dense oval to rounded crown. Beech bark disease (BBD) is a devastating disease of American beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrl.) The American beech is a stately tree with a rather symmetrical and dense crown. The American beech has a beautiful silvery gray bark, the nicest coloration of all the beeches. American beech is a large, graceful native tree, excellent for large, park-like landscapes where it has room to spread its wide, low-growing branches. American beech is a member of the Fagaceae – a family of trees that evolved in the tropics [where] trees must contend with epiphytes – plants that grow on trees … An adaptation to thwart an epiphyte’s ability to find a ‘roothold’ is smooth bark. leaves may remain in winter . It is a versatile tree, often used in parks, golf courses, acreages, and the forestry industry. 15–25 mm long when fully grown) make this a well-known and easily recognized tree even in winter. A mature American beech tree is known to grow up to 90-100 ft tall. Beech bark disease attacks beech trees in North America and is caused by the combined effects of the non-native scale insect, Cryptococcus fagisuga, and Neonectria fungi. New York. American Beech. This species belongs to the deciduous family of trees. Mature Spread: In the US, American beech, Fagus grandifolia, is the most commonly affected. The American Beech Tree (Fagus gradifolia) is native to the United States and is particularly abundant throughout the State of Georgia.The beech tree can be recognized by its smooth gray bark and abundant foliage and can most often be found in woodland areas that have plenty of access to water. These trees have toothed leaves, and smooth gray bark. The American beech is an iconic, sturdy shade tree with smooth, blue-hued bark. The formal and stately American beech holds a special place in many hearts. It has smooth blue-gray bark; and its green leaves turn yellow in the fall and persist through the winter. The smooth tight steel-gray bark of this species, together with the distinctive sharp-pointed slender elongate winter buds (ca. Like the Birch, the Beech fairy is a strongly feminine presence, but while birch is a "lady," beech … It’s a disease that has changed the role of the tree in the forest and undoubtedly had a trickle-down effect on animals that relied on the tree’s nutritious nuts for food. Form: A medium to large tree up to 100 feet tall with a rounded crown. Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.. American Beech. In the following months, as I work toward my master’s degree in conservation biology, I yearn for an easier, all-season tree identification guide — one that would have helped me on that October day. It’s dark green leaves turn a beautiful yellow in fall. This plant has no children Legal Status. Leaves typically hang on well into the winter months adding to the seasonal interest. buds : Large Fagus grandifolia trees are easily recognized by the smooth, gray bark. Bark: The bark of an American beech tree is one of its most distinctive characteristics.It is silver or gray in color, tight around the tree, and smooth to the touch. Bark and Branches. One of the distinct parts of the tree are its leaves, which grow with strong veins and toothed edges. Beech bark is … Signs of Damage. Beech bark disease is a disease that causes mortality and defects in beech trees in the eastern United States, Canada and Europe. bark. Cankers and rot are the most common symptoms of this disease. The American beech is notable for its smooth, gray bark and slender twigs that become distinctive after leaves are shed. The tree bears flowers of both sexes, making it a monoecious plant. The American Beech is a shade-tolerant species, favoring shade more than other trees, commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession. Grey in color in the US, American beech can reach from 15 to 50 meters ( 50 to feet! 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