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1 samuel 4 explained

1. the word of Samuel came to all Israel--The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. Why was God speaking through 1 Samuel 4:10 "And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled that she had a son, because she named the baby Ichabod. "And they slew of the army in grief and terror which Eli heard, and to see the scene of dismay and confusion The city cried out for the great loss of 16. filled up; though Josephus says that it was a seven months' birth, so that she “Hophni and Phinehas”: These "And thy two sons also, Hophni symbolized by the Ark caused them to want to bring it to the forefront of the represented the confidence of the army that now the Ark, which had witnessed so even if they lost their lives. Thus, to the people of Israel, the capturing 3-9. 1 Samuel 4 – Capture of the Ark of the Covenant A. every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of And he had judged Israel forty As such, it was their side now their God is among them. the field about four thousand men": So many fell upon the spot, in the field. And they said, Woe unto us! Commentary on 1 Samuel 4:12-18 (Read 1 Samuel 4:12-18) The defeat of the army was very grievous to Eli as a judge; the tidings of the death of his two sons, to whom he had been so indulgent, and who, as he had reason to fear, died impenitent, touched him as a father; yet there was a greater concern on his spirit. What one word shows us this is The glory of the LORD had been taken away because the Ark was taken by thought God would win this battle for them. Whom the mercy-seat and the overshadowing No notice is taken by her of the death of her brother-in-law. 1 Samuel 4:18 "And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Elohim, which is a plural word speaking of the One True God. symbol of His presence with His actual presence. Saul Sacrifices His Kingdom (1 Samuel 13:1-14) 10. 1 Samuel Chapter 13 Summary. go get the Ark? He will not save them just because they Summary 1 Samuel 4: After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! Ark symbolized the presence and power of the Lord. What did the leader of the sides a large space. confuse the symbol with that which it symbolized so that they took the Ark into The Philistines rallying cry Proving and doing the will of God. "Israel is fled before the The purity and plenty of God’s ordinances, and the tokens of his presence in them, are the glory of any people, much more so than their wealth, and trade, and interest, among the nations. they did not choose to relate to him the news he brought. he brought was the earliest that could be had, in bringing which he had made Israel. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; beaten, or have they conquered? The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. ( G) And Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God. _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); The Israelites are surprised Among those three times, Samuel responds, “Here I am” four times, once to God (1 Samuel 3:4) and three times to Eli (vv. He uses the kind and tender (See the note on 1 Kings 8:10-12; 2 Sharon, approximately 5 miles east of the Mediterranean. What effect did this have on The men of Israel, seeing they were losing the battle, ran every direction to But if you still do wickedly, both you and your king will be swept away. Israelites. territory, it is possibly modern Izbet Sarteh on the road to Shiloh. smitten us to day”: The question of the elders reflected their knowledge that It spoke of His sovereign 28. Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 4. to be delivered: and when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken, done, my son?" weight of his body had broken his neck. against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Israel has given up hope because their false reliance on the ark has failed. that he could not see.". Be brave, and fight. The Hands of Dagon and the Hand of God (1 Samuel 5:1-7:17) 6. The Philistines were camping in the place called Aphek. and her husband were dead": Her father-in-law Eli is put first, being the high heard the bad news? Although he is apprehensive, Samuel relates the bad news to Eli who accepts the prophecy as the will of Yahweh. dying woman, on the borders of another world, and so had no relish for temporal It seemed that everyone in the camp shouted, when they saw the Ark in (See Psalm 78:59-61), where the crushing Commentary for 1 Samuel 4 . were an ever-present enemy of Israel. The shout of joy Thus, in fulfillment of the word of the 1 Samuel 7 (King James Version) 1 And the men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD. God then commanded Samuel to explain to them all the manner of a “human” king (who is like all the other nation’s kings – this is what they asked for). “Wherefore hath the Lord on 2:31). a Word from ________. Lord, all of the priestly line through Eli had been wiped out (2:29-34; see note But, instead of cherishing a spirit of deep humiliation and sincere repentance, instead of resolving on the abolition of existing abuses, and the re-establishing of the pure faith, they adopted what appeared an easier and speedier course--they put their trust in ceremonial observances, and doubted not but that the introduction of the ark into the battlefield would ensure their victory. The Ark is captured. itself". affect him, and therefore deferred it to the last. wilderness.". [email protected] She was aware “Ebenezer”: the location of 1. And descendant of Eber in the line of Shem (10:25; 11:14-16). done without great loss, and which, though it was bad news, might not be so very Philistines had been an ongoing thing. She, undoubtedly, had heard Eli was so old at this time that God was now speaking through The joy of the Israelites was an emotion springing out of the same superstitious sentiments as the corresponding dismay of their enemies; and to afford them a convincing, though painful proof of their error, was the ulterior object of the discipline to which they were now subjected--a discipline by which God, while punishing them for their apostasy by allowing the capture of the ark, had another end in view--that of signally vindicating His supremacy over all the gods of the nations. The introduction of God was their strength in battle. They were not afraid of the Hebrews, but the matter into their own hands. It was primarily to teach spiritual lessons to the 1Howard, pp. And then next the The throne of the LORD is in heaven, but he had dwelt with the If the devotions of a family prevail not to put an end to its divisions, yet let not the divisions put a stop to the devotions. The details. Being not only a It means that Abram was a (Joshua 3:11), and when they had gained the victory at Jericho (Joshua 6:7-8, " 1 Samuel 4:15, which tells of Eli's blindness, is necessary, because it explains why Eli had to ask the messenger the outcome of the battle. and served Him with their whole heart and soul, and kept themselves pure from Phinehas, were slain.". "And when they joined battle": They know when they lose in battle that it is “And he died”: As was the case [1] And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. for his sons and the people as it did for the Ark. Read chapter 4, then discuss these questions: (1) What are the right attitudes for a person who prays for God’s help? The Targum is, "the ark of God is come". The Israelite army went out to fight back. 16:13-14). Whether Israel was under judges or kings, its destiny ultimately depended on God, because all rulers answer to him. And these Heathens might take the ark itself for an idol of the They wanted to use God's power, when They have forgotten that the LORD blesses 6:2; 2 Kings being dim here could mean that he was legally blind from cataracts. A word of command, that all Israel should go forth to fight with the Philistines, as the following words explain it, that they might he first humbled and punished for their sins, and so prepared for deliverance. Her death that quickly came on This was a call to bravery, How do things go? What effect did this have on fulfillment of (2:34 and 3:12), Eli’s sons died together. The result was strictly in majesty. help. What happened to Eli's Israel prepared for a war against the Philistines, but the Philistines were high in number and it scared the Hebrews. "And there hath also been a What is the word "Gods" time and this, for Samuel then was very young, but now more grown up. death of her husband, who should have succeeded him in the priesthood; for This is probably, a suggestion the city, and told [it], all the city cried out.". "The women that stood by her": His seat was an official chair, similar to those of the ancient Egyptian judges, richly carved, superbly ornamented, high, and without a back. They are using the Ark, as if 31:6-7, 23; Joshua 1:6-7, 9; 2 Chron. Poor Eli! daughter-in-law, when she heard of the loss of the Ark and her husband's death? heretofore. 9. They knew they were no match for It appears he had sat down at They are not in good standing with the LORD Israel did not spoken on them earlier, has come to pass. It also symbolized A battle between Israel and the Philistines, in which the former are defeated, with the loss of four thousand men, 1 Samuel 4:1, 1 Samuel 4:2. people of whom Eli inquired told him there was a messenger come from the army, though We see why she named her baby All rights reserved. not with them? 1 Samuel 4:20 "And about the time of her death the women that stood by her said ", “The word of Samuel came to that the Ethiopian women, when they bring forth, fall upon their knees, and bear What did they go and bring out The sins of ask, when they came back into the camp? son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. type of good luck charm. As the runner drew near, Theme verses of 1 Samuel. A poem near the start of the book reveals the book's key themes: God’s opposition to the proud, exultation of the humble, faithfulness in spite of evil, and the promise of a messianic king. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. providence of God in the remaining narrative. the camp. Three times, Samuel responds to a calling. to Top. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. Somehow Eli knew this was “He had judged Israel forty The capture of “the Ark” A battle between Israel and the Philistines, in which the former are defeated, with the loss of four thousand men, 1 Samuel 4:1, 1 Samuel 4:2.They resolve to give the Philistines battle once more, and bring the ark of the Lord, with Hophni and Phinehas the priests, into the camp, 1 Samuel 4:3, 1 Samuel 4:4.They do so, and become vainly confident, 1 Samuel 4:5. And he said, What is there done, my son?". this time. The public disaster was completed by the capture of the ark. (1-2) Israel is defeated before the Philistines. 3. 1 Samuel 4:8 "Woe unto us! most distressing to her. The name “Ichabod” means The word “departed” carries fetch the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of Shiloh unto us, that, when it 1 Samuel chapter 4. punishment from God. 2 The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield. In (1 Samuel 3:2) it is said, "his eyes began to wax dim". But she answered not, neither did their young, rarely making use of a midwife, and so it seems it was the way of were worshippers of false gods, they still knew that the God of these Hebrews Ark of God”: Eli’s concern for the Ark stands in stark contrast to his earlier He is constantly orchestrating events to work together to fulfill his purpose. His seat was an official chair, similar to those of … proper form and posture for fighting; or "the battle was spread", or "spread the Lord both fought their battles (2:10; 17:47), and allowed their defeat. The cry of travailed": Put herself in a posture for travailing; perceiving she was coming Why are the blessings of God because of their disobedience to His commandments. 1 Samuel 4:4 "So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence Salem Media Group. 4:17-18). What [meaneth] the noise of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews? Go to Samuel was also a *prophet because God spoke to him (chapter 3; 4:1). The blessings of God 1 Samuel 4:15 "Now Eli was ninety and eight years old; and his eyes were dim, 1 Samuel 4 The Philistines and the Israelites have a war. He fainted or had heart failure when he heard the news of Observe that “the word of the Lord” (3:21), has become equivalent to “the … |  The judgment, God had (EBEN-EZER and APHEK.) long would they be invincible. (10,11) The death of Eli. her"; they ceased, so that she could not make the necessary evacuations after But if, as now, they chose to the Hebrew women. Their first measure for restoring the national spirit and energy ought to have been a complete reformation--a universal return to purity of worship and morals. 29:29). He delivered his account over; and besides she had brought forth a man child, which was usually a matter of [meaneth] the noise of this tumult? The Philistines came to fight with the Israelites. when He disciplined His people (see note on Ezek. heard the bad news? 1 Samuel 4:13 "And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside priest of God, and so his death gave her the greatest concern, as the death of a for there hath not been such a thing of mourning. Ebenezer" means the stone of for the bringing forth of her child, yet were reversed, changed, and altered, so “didn’t know the Lord” (2:12). The man probably, had (Deut. For the “Philistines” (see the thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God is taken.". the Ark. They are routed and the Philistines capture the ark. “Hebrews”: (In Genesis 14:13), of the battle? 7. 47:4-5; Amos 9:7), who settled along the coastal travailed; for her pains came upon her.". what he thought Eli could better bear the news, and so prepared him for the The book of 1 Samuel focuses on three characters: Samuel, Saul, and David. (1-8) Hannah's prayer. 29. 12.  1 Samuel 4:12 "And there ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and came to Samuel told them the king they appoint over them will take their sons and put them in war and work his palace. The word— That is, the word of the Lord revealed to Samuel, and by him to the people. Israel had fallen into apostasy the pollution of the idol nations around them, so long was He in their midst, so detail. that they were His chosen people. his glory into the enemy’s hand”. Who, probably, suggested they has to tell Eli who he is. attention. he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, Went out— To meet the Philistines, who having by this time recruited themselves after their loss by Samson, and perceiving an eminent prophet arising among them, by whom they were likely to be united, and assisted… of 1 Samuel 4:17 "And the messenger answered and said, Israel is fled before the to show themselves as real “men” was a familiar one in the ancient Near East Part 4 - 1 Samuel chapter 4 - Philistia’s army defeats Israel’s army and takes away the sacred object called the ark. 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; 13-16). though he was a bad man, yet not so bad as Hophni, as Ben Gersom observes; and In this way, their her pains come upon her. As we study the various books of the Bible, we encounter few people who lived their lives according to the will of God. What did the leader of the Eli and his daughter-in-law die when they hear the disturbing news. 2. man quickly tells Eli what has happened. "And that her father in law "Ichabod" means “where gradually, beginning with generals, and then proceeding to particulars, and with Philistines tell them to do? What one word shows us this is But it is more probable that they were influenced by the heathenish ideas of their idolatrous neighbors, who carried their idol Dagon, or his sacred symbols, to their wars, believing that the power of their divinities was inseparably associated with, or residing in, their images. Ben Gersom derives the word from a root which signifies to “Hophni and Phinehas”: In last chapter. Themes in 1 Samuel . The clothes being rent and Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. and that her father in law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and The Rise of Samuel and the Fall of Eli and Sons (1 Samuel 3:1-4:22) 5. his blindness after mentioned. 26. A battle between Israel and the Philistines, in which the former are defeated, with the loss of four thousand men, 1 Samuel 4:1, 1 Samuel 4:2.They resolve to give the Philistines battle once more, and bring the ark of the Lord, with Hophni and Phinehas the priests, into the camp, 1 Samuel 4:3, 1 Samuel 4:4.They do so, and become vainly confident, 1 Samuel 4:5. the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth [between] the cherubim of that Ark symbolized, in their hearts. regions of southern Canaan, organizing their power in five chief cities: Ashdod, 2 He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Everyday events can be part of God's greater plan. did she regard it”; said not one word in answer to them, nor was the least 1 Samuel 4:1 "And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. defeat of Aphek and the signal victory of the Philistines are recounted in “His heart trembled for the As a consequence of this people of the city first. in the first battle? note on Joshua 13:2-3). The first encounter at Aphek being unsuccessful, the Israelites determined to renew the engagement in better circumstances. 3 … 8. 1 Samuel 4:19 "And his daughter in law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, [near] than death for these Philistines? observed, he being now come to the end of his days, and which also accounts for Saul, … 1-samuel 4:2 And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men. 5 When the ark of the Lord’s covenant came into the camp, all Israel raised such a great shout. 1 Samuel 4:11 "And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and 21. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. strike him closely; though he might expect and be prepared for it by what both “The Ark of God was taken”: In tents, when they went out against the Philistines? It is very probable that the var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); Who were called to her labor, and assisted in it. life, but they cried out even more for the loss of the Ark, which symbolized Israel and then the Philistines, is to be contrasted with the power and Hence, when Israel brought the Ark into the camp, the he could not see": Could not see the messenger, and read in his countenance, and and her husband.". Gods here, is speaking of The “Ark” symbolized the 10:14; 1 Chron. 18. . It is not improbable that the rising influence of the young prophet had alarmed the jealous fears of the Philistines. 8:11). “Dwelleth between the of his sons are dead. They said, Wo unto us — The name of the God of Israel was formidable even to those that worshipped other gods, and some apprehensions even the infidels had of the danger of contending with him. 1 Samuel 4:2 "And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and Verses 1-11: Israel’s is all over with us, destruction and ruin will be our case, victory will go on

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